What is Forex?

All trading involves risk.
It is possible to lose all your capital.

Trade Forex in a global decentralised market where currencies are traded

Forex, or foreign exchange, FX or currency trading, is the act of buying and selling a country’s currency in exchange for another. The forex market is one of the most liquid and largest markets in the world with an estimated trading volume exceeding $5 trillion daily.

How does forex trading work?

To be exact, Forex is a network of people, who buy, sell and transfer currencies among them at a predetermined price. These people can be companies, banks or individuals. Forex is the means to convert one currency into another. Travelling abroad usually includes making forex transactions.

Although most of the foreign exchanges occur for practical reasons, as the one stated above, another portion of it is done with the purpose of profiting off it. However, since the currencies converted every day come in huge amounts, price movements become volatile to a very great extent. The combination of the chance to make higher profits along with the increased possibility of risk is what makes forex attractive to most traders.

foreign exchange gbp and usd pairs

The FX Market

What makes the Forex Market unique is that while being an international market, there is no central marketplace to trade forex. Instead, this trading of currencies happens electronically, over-the-counter (OTC), meaning that all transactions occur online among traders worldwide rather than via one centralised exchange. Having approximately $4 trillion USD trading every day, the foreign exchange market is the most liquid in the world. As a result, any currencies in high volumes can be bought, while the market is open.

What is also worth noticing is that, the market is open 24/5, Monday to Friday, and currency trading happens in the major financial centres of London, New York, Tokyo, Zurich, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Singapore, Paris and Sydney. Therefore, depending on the time zone, when one trades in the U.S another does not in Tokyo, thus the forex market can be active at any time, with prices constantly changing. This is not the case with all the other instruments, where if the market falls, traders’ assets will remain untradeable. With forex there is always someone to buy or sell.

All trading involves risk.
It is possible to lose all your capital.

Buy and Sell Currencies

All forex trading transactions include two currencies since traders bet on the value of a currency against another. Taking the most frequently traded currency pair EUR/USD as an example, EUR is considered the base while USD is the counter.


When you see a price presented on your platform, it indicates how much one euro is worth in US dollars. There are always two prices because one is the buy price and the other is the sell. Their difference is called the spread. Once you click buy or sell, you are buying or selling the first currency in the pair.

All trading involves risk. It is possible to lose all your capital.

Learn how to buy and sell currencies
All trading involves risk.
It is possible to lose all your capital.
Get into online forex trading with IronFX
All trading involves risk.
It is possible to lose all your capital.

Why trade Forex with IronFX?

IronFX is committed to providing the best trading conditions so as to help you trade in a competitive environment.

Trade forex with IronFX and gain:

  • Exclusive access to forex news​
  • Rates
  • Market Insights
The market standard MT4 Platform is also provided to you to facilitate your trading
even further.

All trading involves risk. It is possible to lose all your capital.

Benefits of Forex Trading

Join IronFX today and make the most out of forex trading!

All trading involves risk.
It is possible to lose all your capital.

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14 September– 14 October

Minimum Deposit $500

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It is possible to lose all your capital.

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Iron Worlds Championship

one-million

Prize Pool!*

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Minimum Deposit $500

*T&C apply. All trading involves risk.
It is possible to lose all your capital.